Renal Failure

What Is Renal Failure?

The kidneys are a pair of organs located towards the lower back. There is one kidney on each side of the spine, and they work 24*7 to help flush toxins from the body. The kidneys send these toxins to the bladder, which later on removes them through the urine.

Renal failure or kidney failure is when the kidneys lose their ability to filter waste substances from the blood. By this time, the GFR level in the body drops to 15% of normal. You may experience symptoms from the buildup of waste products and extra water in the body, such as heart failure, heart arrhythmia, etc.

Many conditions can interfere with the kidney’s ability to filter waste substances from the blood, such as:

  • toxic exposure to environmental pollutants or chemicals
  • medications
  • acute and chronic diseases
  • dehydration
  • kidney trauma or injury

Not treating kidney disease can be life-threatening, so it is important that you opt for the best treatment possible as soon as possible. Ayurveda can actually help address the problem.

Symptoms Of Kidney Failure

Healthy kidneys prevent waste and excess buildup in the blood while they balance the salts and minerals content, including phosphorus, sodium, potassium, calcium, etc. The kidneys also generate a few of the hormones that tend to regulate blood pressure, produce RBCs, and keep the bones healthy.

Having a kidney or renal failure means your kidneys may not perform these functions well enough to do these jobs, and as a response to this, one may develop comorbidities that are potentially life-threatening.

With a constant decline in kidney function, you may experience a bunch of signs, such as:

  • swelling, usually in your legs, feet, or ankles
  • headaches or chills
  • itchy or patchy skin
  • feeling tired during the day and not been able to sleep at night
  • loss of appetite
  • changes in taste such as metallic taste in the mouth
  • make little or no urine
  • have muscle cramps, weakness, or numbness
  • have pain, stiffness, or fluid in your joints
  • feel confused, have trouble focusing, or have memory problems


One of the most common signs of kidney failure is diabetes and high blood pressure. Sometimes, kidney failure happens quickly due to a cause that is chronic in nature and affects the blood flow to the kidneys in the long run.

Kidney failure or renal failure that develops suddenly is classified as acute kidney failure, while chronic kidney failure is a longstanding condition that develops over the years.

Acute kidney failure or AKI is often temporary and common causes of which include:

  • Autoimmune kidney diseases
  • Direct damage or injury to the kidneys
  • Use of certain medications for a prolonged time
  • Severe dehydration
  • A urinary tract obstruction
  • Uncontrolled systemic diseases like heart or liver disease

Chronic kidney failure is an outcome of the conditions that may stop the kidney from functioning properly.

The common causes of chronic kidney disease are as follow:

  • Diabetes: Poorly controlled sugar can disrupt the blood flow to the kidneys. Too much blood glucose can weaken or damage the blood vessels that flow in the body, including the kidneys.
  • High blood pressure: High blood pressure or hypertension means the blood travels through the vessels with an increased force. Over time, high blood pressure can also weaken the blood vessels and result in reduced kidney function.

Both high blood pressure and blood sugar are the leading cause of impaired kidney function or kidney failure.

Other causes of chronic kidney disease include:

  • Polycystic kidney disease, which is a hereditary condition resulting in abnormal growth of cysts (fluid-filled sacs) inside the kidneys.
  • Glomerular diseases, such as glomerulonephritis, is the inflammation of tiny filters within the kidneys called glomeruli.
  • Lupus and other autoimmune diseases also affect multiple systems in the body, including the kidneys.
  • Blood clots in the vessels in or around your kidneys
  • Infections
  • Drugs and alcohol abuse
  • Inflammation of blood vessels
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome, which involves the breakdown of red blood cells following a bacterial infection, usually of the intestines
  • Multiple myeloma, a type of cancer of the plasma cells in your bone marrow
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancer
  • Dyes used in some imaging tests

Ayurvedic Treatment For Renal Failure

As per Ayurveda, every disease in the body is an outcome of vitiated doshas, namely Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.

A healthy body means there is a balanced equilibrium between the elements of the body. But in the case of any disease, it is believed that Vata, Pitta, and Kapha and the channels involved in the functioning of the other organs are not properly functioning.

The kidneys makeup Manovaha Srotas (channels of the fat tissues) and constitute Rakta and Medadhatus (blood and fat tissues).

Hence, diseases that affect the functioning of these tissues are supposed to result in impaired kidney function and cause renal failure.

Diabetes or madhumeha is one of the major causes of kidney failure.

Yet another cause is the blockage of minute body channels called srotas. In this case, renal failure is a result of mutravaha srotas that carry urine to and fro from the kidneys. If the incoming channels are blocked, the kidneys may not accept the fluid, and so they dehydrate and shrink.

However, if the outgoing channels are blocked, they may not drain out fluid or urine as required.

Ayurvedic medicines or procedures aim to strengthen the body by helping you get rid of waste or toxins. The herbal concoctions possess herbs with a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidative properties.

If you follow the treatment rigorously, you can even avoid dialysis life procedures.

At Pragativeda we aim to restore your health using our knowledge of Ayurveda. Our ayurvedic physicians have acquired skills to help customize ayurvedic medicines as per your needs.

For more information, you can consult us at Pragati Veda.