Prostate Enlargement

What Is Prostate Enlargement?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a condition in which the prostate gland in men enlarges, but is not cancerous. Normally, the prostate goes growth two main periods during the age of men. The first one is around puberty, when the gland grows twice the size of the origins. The second one is around the age of 25, which continues for the whole life. Prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia begins with the second growth phase.

As the prostate enlarged, the gland presses against the urethra, causing it to narrow down. The bladder, on the other hand, turns thicker. In response to the weakness of the bladder, a person may lose the tendency to urinate normally like some of the urine still stays in the bladder, even if urinate properly. The narrowing of the urethra and the inability of the bladder to empty itself causes many of the complications linked to benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Hyperplasia means an increase in the cells in the body. Too many cells are what makes the prostate grow faster.

The condition is highly common in men over the age of 50. But not necessarily men with the prostate will experience significant changes in the body. Only 1 in 3 men experience changes in the signs.

Signs And Symptoms

The severity of signs of prostate gland enlargement varies among different individuals. But necessarily, the signs tend to become severe over time gradually.

Common signs of benign prostatic hyperplasia may include:

  • urinary frequency: urinating approximately eight or more times a day
  • urinary urgency—sudden need to urinate
  • urinary incontinence—the accidental loss of urine
  • nocturia—urgent need to urinate during periods of sleep
  • a weak or an interrupted urine which is also called urine dribbling
  • urinary retention
  • painful urination
  • Painful ejaculation
  • urine that has an unusual colour or smell

Most signs of benign prostatic hyperplasia may exist because of blockage in the urethra and overworked bladder aiming to pass urine through the blockage.

Less likely, a person with prostate enlargement may also experience blood in the urine.

The size of the prostate does not necessarily affect the severity of your signs. Some men with insignificant changes in the prostate may have signs that are unexplainable, while others with an enlarged prostate may show up no signs.

Other signs linked to changes in urination may include:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Narrowing of the urethra
  • Scarring of the bladder neck as a result of previous surgery
  • Stones in the bladder or kidney
  • Problems with nerves that control the bladder
  • Cancer of the prostate or bladder
  • Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate


The prostate gland is situated beneath the bladder. The tube that passes or moved urine from the bladder through the penis (urethra) goes through the prostate’s centre. During the enlargement of the prostate, obstruction in the urine flow because the tube gets little space and so it becomes blocked.

As the enlargement is a continuous process, at a point in life, the enlargement causes the urinary signs to appear due to blockage in the urine flow.

The cause of the enlargement is a part of human growth, but what causes the prostate to enlarge this much to cause urinary complications is still not known. Researchers have attributed changes in the sex hormones in men as the cause of it.

Risk factors for prostate gland enlargement include:

Ageing. Hardly you will experience signs and symptoms in the first phase of prostate growth. Around one-third of men experience moderate signs by the age of 60, and some get them by the age of 80.

Diabetes and heart disease: Researchers have linked diabetes, heart disease, and the medications for their treatment, such as beta-blockers, to be the risk of prostate enlargement in many.

A family history. Having a first-degree blood relative, be it your father or a brother, with prostate problems means you’re more likely to experience signs of BPH.

Lifestyle habits. A sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of BPH, while exercise can lower your risk.

Ayurvedic Treatment For Prostate Enlargement

The ayurvedic reference for the prostate is Asashteela which means a small stone. When aggravated, Vata affects the functioning of the prostate; it is called Vathashteela.

The ayurvedic management of enlarged prostate involves calming aggravated Vata, detoxifying the body, and strengthening the urinary system to help you get rid of toxins. Imbalanced doshas often result in shrinkage of the prostate, which obstructs the function of the urinary system.

There are powerful herbs in Ayurveda that helps in treating the underlying cause as well as signs linked to an enlarged prostate. Accompanying them are the procedures and therapies meant to give a natural boost to various organs and to your overall health.

Ayurveda has little or no side effects on your body because herbal formulations are prepared based on the individual’s health. Following a healthy ayurvedic diet and making several of the changes in the body will also do the needful.

Ayurveda has been used for ages for various health issues, including enlarged prostate.

At AyuKarma, we are dedicated to helping our patients deserve the best health. Ayurvedic procedures performed by physicians at our end are safe to be try.

Our ayurvedic doctors have suggested some of the things you should or should not do to manage enlarged prostate or prevent its occurrence.


  • Urinate as soon as you feel the need to do so.
  • Take time to urinate when it is convenient, even if there is no urge.
  • Stay sexually active.
  • Drink six to seven or more glasses of water every day.
  • Avoid Vata aggravating factors like alcohol, caffeine, smoking.
  • Avoid foods that may affect your digestive fire.
  • Avoid cold temperatures.
  • Reduce mental stress at the office place and home.
  • Do exercise to boost the functioning of the pelvic muscles.


  • Control your urges to urinate.
  • Drink liquids near to your bedtime.
  • Avoid over-the-counter medications for colds and allergies that contain decongestants.

For more information on the same, you can consult us to Pragati Veda.