An eczema is a group of conditions that make results in skin inflammation. The most common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema. It makes the skin go on red and itchy. Atopic eczema is related to asthma or hay fever in many.

Mostly it occurs in children, but anyone can develop atopic eczema. It is a long-lasting condition that tends to flare from time to time.


Atopic eczema is usually followed by red, itchy skin that often accompanies by a red rash. It is the most common type of eczema while there are other types as well, such as:

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is triggered due to contact with irritants. The symptoms usually include burning, itching, and redness on the skin. The best part is that inflammation goes away when the irritant is removed.

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

Dyshidrotic dermatitis begins with itchy and patchy skin that becomes red or cracked, or painful over time. Usually, the affected area include fingers, palms of the hands, and feet. Quite commonly, it appears in women.

Nummular Dermatitis

This condition onsets during winters only and affects the legs. More commonly, men get affected by this condition than women.


The main signs of eczema include dry, rough and patchy skin, which becomes irritated and inflamed. An individual may experience periods of relapse followed by remission.

The most affected organ include arms, back of the knees, or head, inner elbows, etc. It is important to understand that eczema is not contagious and may become less severe with age.

Other symptoms include:

  • Dry skin: Itching and dryness on the skin, which may become severe at night mostly.
  • Red to brownish-grey patches: The patches may appear on the hands, ankles, feet, wrists, eyelids, inside the bend of elbows and knees, and in infants face and scalp may be affected.
  • Fluid-filled patches: Over time, bumps on the skin may get filled with fluid and crust when scratched. Scratching your skin may further inflame the skin. This can cause infections that must be treated with antibiotics.
  • Thickened, scaly skin: The skin may turn scaly and thickened.
  • Fever: Infection may also cause fever and chills.

If atopic dermatitis appears in adulthood, it may affect infants less than age 5.


Normally, when your skin is healthy, it is able to retain more water and act as a protective layer from bacteria, irritants, and allergens. Eczema is related to changes in genes that affect the ability of the skin to protect the underneath layers from irritants, allergens, and environmental factors.

In infants, food allergies can also trigger eczema.

Risk Factors

There are some factors that put you at risk of eczema more than others, such as:

  • An autoimmune disorder: If you have an underlying autoimmune disorder, your risk of eczema increases by many times.
  • Certain conditions: Conditions that allow moisture to go out and the germs to enter in.
  • A family history of other allergies or asthma: If you have anyone in your family linked with allergies or asthma, you may also have it.
  • Hay fever: It is an allergic response causing watery eyes, sneezing, and other similar symptoms as that of eczema.


Some people may have allergies in response to triggers like:

  • Rough fabric
  • Products like soap or detergent
  • Sweat
  • Animal dander
  • Stress
  • Being in too hot or cold temperature
  • Respiratory infections or colds

Ayurvedic Treatment For Eczema

In Pragati Veda, eczema is referred to as Vicharchikam. The primarily cause of this condition is the changes in diet and lifestyle, which leads to an aggravation of Pitta dosha and the buildup of digestive fire in the body. When it comes to skin disorders, vitiated Pitta may allow Ama to build up in the minute channels of the body, which are called dhatus in Ayurveda. The use of creams and antibiotics may only wrap away from the signs and symptoms, but the underlying cause is not treated, so they tend to appear again as time goes around. Pragati Veda recommends treatment and procedures to balance this vitiation and to help the body get rid of the toxins.