Diabetes is a condition that impacts the body’s function to process blood glucose, also known as blood sugar. Glucose is a source of energy for the cells that constitute your tissues and organs. Glucose or blood sugar is also vital for your brain to function properly.

Having diabetes means your blood sugar level is quite high than normal. If you have diabetes, it indicates that the pancreas in your body is not generating enough insulin or your body is unable to use insulin effectively. Insulin is a hormone that controls sugar levels in the blood. Hyperglycemia is a common complication of uncontrolled diabetes that leads to damage to the body’s systems, especially your blood vessels.

Sometimes people refer to diabetes as “a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes.” This means a person really does not have diabetes, but management is still required. Ayurveda is one of the best methodologies to keep blood sugar in control and put off the comorbidities linked to the risk of diabetes.

Types Of Diabetes

The most common types of diabetes are type 1type 2, prediabetes develops, and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, also known as juvenile diabetes. If you have type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. Basically, the immune system begins to attack and destroy cells in the pancreas that produces insulin. Yet, the cause is unknown. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can develop at any age. People with this diabetes are insulin-dependent, so they need to take artificial insulin to stay alive.

If you have type 2 diabetes, your body becomes resistant to insulin, and too much sugar starts to accumulate in the bloodstream. However, this type of diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. As per the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), it is mostly linked to obesity.

Prediabetes develops when blood sugar is ostensibly higher than normal but not high enough to cause you to type 2 diabetes. In prediabetes, your blood sugar stays in the range of 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter.

Gestational diabetes mostly occurs during pregnancy. During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones that block insulin, which causes sugar to build up in the blood.


The signs and symptoms of diabetes tend to vary among people. Men with significantly high blood sugar can experience a low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, and poor muscle strength. On the flip side, women with diabetes can have symptoms related to urinary tract infections, yeast infections, dry and itchy skin, etc.

Type 1 Diabetes

General symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:

  • Extreme hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Changes in the mood

Type 2 Diabetes

General symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:

  • Increased hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Blurry vision
  • Tiredness
  • Sores that heal slowly
  • Recurring infections

Gestational Diabetes

Women with gestational diabetes do not witness any signs. The condition is often diagnosed during a routine check-up or blood test done between the 24th and 28th weeks of gestation. Rarely women with gestational diabetes may experience increased thirst or urination.

Causes Of Diabetes

Each form of diabetes has a different cause attached to it.

Type 1 Diabetes

Doctors do not know the reason that results in type 1 diabetes. Having said this, the immune system -which normally fighting bacteria and viruses mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Genes play a role in the development of type 1 diabetes in a large population.

Type 2 Diabetes

For the occurrence of 2 diabetes, genetic and environmental factors are to be blamed. In many cases, being overweight is also linked to the risk of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 also runs in the family lines as the member of the family shares the genes.


In prediabetes, the cells become resistant to insulin, but the pancreas cannot make enough insulin to move past resistance. Ostensibly, the sugar builds up in the bloodstream instead of moving into the cells for use as energy.

Gestational Diabetes

This form of diabetes occurs due to alterations in the hormonal during pregnancy. The placenta secretes hormones that make cells in a pregnant woman less responsive to the effects of insulin. This can result in too much sugar in the blood during pregnancy.

Plus, women who are obese or gain too much weight during their pregnancy are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.

Risk Factors For Diabetes

  • Genes
  • Obesity
  • Age 45 or older
  • Living a sedentary lifestyle
  • High blood pressure, high cholesterol, or high triglycerides
  • Have had gestational diabetes during a past pregnancy
  • Have delivered a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • A family history of diabetes

It is good to know that lifestyle, environment, and medical conditions can increase your odds of developing diabetes.

Diabetes Complications

High blood pressure damages organs and tissues in your body. The higher your blood sugar and the longer you have been living with it, the greater is the risk for complications.

Complications associated with diabetes include:

  • Heart disease, heart attack, and stroke
  • Neuropathy
  • Nephropathy
  • Retinopathy
  • Hearing loss
  • Diabetic feet
  • Infections and sores that don’t heal
  • Skin conditions such as bacterial and fungal infections
  • Depression
  • Dementia

Gestational Diabetes

Poorly controlled gestational diabetes can lead to problems in both the mother and the baby, such as:

  • Premature birth
  • Stillbirth
  • Abnormal weight of the baby
  • Increased risk for type 2 diabetes later in life
  • Hypoglycemia or Low blood sugar
  • Jaundice

The mother can also develop complications such as preeclampsia or type 2 diabetes, or hypertension. Often, the complications are so threatening that she may require a C section. In addition, the mother is exposed to the risk of gestational diabetes in future pregnancies.

Ayurvedic Treatment For Diabetes

Also called Madhumeham, diabetes is characterized by sweet urine. Ayurveda traditional Method always comes with natural healing methods for an individual’s mental, spiritual, and emotional well-being.

There are twenty types of Madhumeha, commonly known as Diabetes mellitus, is one of them.

Pragati Veda treatment for diabetes begins with the purification of internal fragments of the body using Panchakarma procedures such as Vamana, Virechana, Vasti, etc., based on the severity of the condition.