What Is Coeliac?

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that occurs in genetically predisposed people with the risk of damage to the small intestine due to the consumption of a gluten-rich diet. It is estimated that 1 in 100 people are affected with celiac or coeliac.

Gluten is a type of protein that is found in many foods such as wheat, rye, and barley. It gives the dough elasticity and bread its chewy appearance.

Gluten is a protein in wheat, barley, rye, and other grains. It’s what makes dough elastic and gives bread its chewy texture.

If you have celiac disease, eating a diet rich in gluten triggers an immune response in the small intestine. This response may damage the lining of the small intestines, and so the body is not able to digest nutrients from the foods as intended.

The damage may cause mild to severe complications like fatigue, weight loss, malnutrition, anemia, bloating, and diarrhea.

If this happens in children, malnourishment can lead to developmental disorders besides the signs that are normally experienced by adults.

Perhaps there is no cure for coeliac disease, but for most people, following a strict gluten-free diet can help prevent damage to the small intestines.


Children with celiac disease may have more signs that talk about digestive issues than adults. These signs may include:

  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Constipation
  • Bloating
  • Pale or foul-smelling stools
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Failure to thrive for infants
  • Damage to tooth enamel
  • Weight loss
  • Anemia
  • Irritability
  • Short stature (short height)
  • Delayed puberty

Neurological symptoms are also prominent in children, including:

  • attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Learning disabilities
  • Seizures
  • Lack of muscle coordination
  • Headaches

In Adults

In adults, the signs are mostly related to issues with the digestive system

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Bloating and gas
  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Heartburn

Other signs which are not related to the digestive system in adults, may include:

  • Anemia, usually due to the iron deficiency
  • Loss of bone density or softening of the bone
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Headaches and fatigue
  • Bone or joint pain
  • Reduced functioning of the spleen (hypersplenism)
  • Itchy, blistery skin rash (dermatitis herpetiformis)

The signs related to nervous system injury may include mood changes, numbness and tingling in the feet and hands, changes in awareness, problems with body balancing, and cognitive disabilities.


Research still don’t know what causes celiac disease. In most cases, it tends to run in the family lines, so genes are involved in the occurrence of coeliac disease.

In other cases, medical conditions, such as viral infection or surgery, can also trigger celiac disease. Emotional stress or pregnancy may also cause celiac disease.

Other medical conditions that may trigger celiac disease, including:

  • Diabetes only type 1
  • IgA nephropathy
  • Autoimmune thyroid disease
  • Lupus Lupus
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Addison’s disease
  • Down syndrome
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Turner syndrome
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Autoimmune liver disease or hepatitis
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Psoriasis
  • Scleroderma
  • Williams syndrome
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Intestinal lymphoma
  • Cancer of intestine
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis

Ayurvedic Treatment For Celiac Disease

From an ayurvedic viewpoint, celiac is a condition of imbalance body energies or doshas that may result in waste build-up (Ama) and results in low immunity. This allows digestive fire or Agni to build up and disturbs the digestive ability. Certain foods also result in increased digestive capacity, so we suggest patients who have a genetic predisposition to celiac disease should abstain from consuming such foods.

The signs of celiac disease often seem to be similar to a condition known as ‘Grahaniroga’. If you do not adapt to healthy food practices and suppress your natural urges is certainly at risk of celiac disease. Stress further impacts the digestive fire or Agni, so Ayurveda also focuses on stress management practices.